Staining on the teeth can be caused be a variety of factors including bad habits, foods, accidents, and age. That yellowish tint to the teeth can be quite upsetting since it lacks the bright white look you might want your teeth to have so your smile is beautiful. Thankfully, your family dentist in Arborg does offer teeth whitening and other procedures to help get you vibrant looking teeth.
How did your teeth get stained? Aside from age and accidents, which cause teeth to stain from the inside out, we are going to look at how the external surface of the teeth get stained by foods and beverages.
To begin with, the enamel on the tooth’s exterior can weaken and crack over time. This can allow stains to start to form on the teeth and cause them to discolour. In addition, certain things could actually harm the enamel and eat through it completely, like the cavity causing bacteria found in plaque and tartar.
When it comes to foods and beverages, there are three specific types of ingredients you need to be aware of, which are:
- Acids – Acids attach the tooth enamel and can cause it to weaken, which allows stains to form easier.
- Chromogens – Chromogens have coloured pigments in them and are a compound that will stick to the enamel on the teeth.
- Tannins – Tannins are also a compound that is plant-based, and helps make stains adhere to teeth’s enamel easier.
These ingredients can be found in various types of foods and beverages most of us enjoy every day.
Coffee and tea are two popular beverages that can cause staining on the teeth. Tea contains acids and tannins. Together they help break down the protective enamel and make it easier to the tannins to stick to the surface, resulting in staining.
Coffee, on the other hand, contains acid and chromogens. Just like tea, the acid in coffee will wear down the enamel and cause staining. However, you might be surprised to learn the staining caused by coffee is less severe than staining caused by drinking tea. When it comes to colas, all contain acid, regardless of whether they are dark or clear. Chromogens are also present in dark coloured soft drinks.
For those people, who like to drink red and white wines, both of these can also cause staining. Red wines contain all three – acids, chromogens, and tannins – which can lead to staining not only from the wine, but other types of foods, too, such as tomatoes and berries. The only difference with white wine is it lacks the chromogens.
Foods that can stain the teeth include mostly fruits including:
- Citrus (Oranges, Lemons, Limes)
The best way to know whether a food will stain your teeth is the clothing test – If it will leave a stain on your clothes, it can cause staining on your teeth.
To keep your smile bright, remember to brush and floss daily and visit your dentist at Arborg Family Dental on a regular basis for detailed cleanings and professional teeth whitening. Call our office at (204) 376-2624 now to schedule an appointment!